A medical check that may present if an individual has had the coronavirus and now has some immunity. The check detects antibodies within the blood, that are produced by the physique to struggle off the illness.
Someone who has a illness however doesn’t have any of the signs it causes. Some research counsel some individuals with coronavirus carry the illness however do not present the widespread signs, comparable to a persistent cough or excessive temperature.
The first a part of the UK’s technique to cope with the coronavirus, which concerned attempting to establish contaminated individuals early and hint anybody who had been in shut contact with them.
One of a gaggle of viruses that may trigger extreme or delicate sickness in people and animals. The coronavirus presently sweeping the world causes the illness Covid-19. The widespread chilly and influenza (flu) are different kinds of coronaviruses.
The illness brought on by the coronavirus first detected in Wuhan, China, in late 2019. It primarily impacts the lungs.
The second a part of the UK’s technique to cope with the coronavirus, during which measures comparable to social distancing are used to delay its unfold.
Fixed penalty discover
A positive designed to cope with an offence on the spot, as an alternative of in court docket. These are sometimes for driving offences, however now additionally cowl anti-social behaviour and breaches of the coronavirus lockdown.
Flatten the curve
Health consultants use a line on a chart to indicate numbers of latest coronavirus instances. If lots of people get the virus in a brief time frame, the road would possibly rise sharply and look a bit like a mountain. However, taking measures to scale back infections can unfold instances out over an extended interval and means the “curve” is flatter. This makes it simpler for well being methods to manage.
Short for influenza, a virus that routinely causes illness in people and animals, in seasonal epidemics.
Supports corporations hit by coronavirus by briefly serving to pay the wages of some employees. It permits staff to stay on the payroll, despite the fact that they are not working.
How the unfold of a illness slows after a sufficiently massive proportion of a inhabitants has been uncovered to it.
An individual whose physique can stand up to or fend off a illness is alleged to be resistant to it. Once an individual has recovered from the illness brought on by the coronavirus, Covid-19, for instance, it’s thought they can not catch it once more for a sure time frame.
The time frame between catching a illness and beginning to show signs.
Hospital wards which deal with sufferers who’re very sick. They are run by specially-trained healthcare employees and include specialist tools.
Restrictions on motion or each day life, the place public buildings are closed and folks informed to remain at house. Lockdowns have been imposed in a number of nations as a part of drastic efforts to manage the unfold of the coronavirus.
The third a part of the UK’s technique to cope with the coronavirus, which is able to contain makes an attempt to minimize the impression of a excessive variety of instances on public providers. This may imply the NHS halting all non-critical care and police responding to main crimes and emergencies solely.
The NHS’s 24-hour telephone and on-line service, which presents medical recommendation to anybody who wants it. People in England and Wales are suggested to ring the service if they’re nervous about their signs. In Scotland, they need to test NHS inform, then ring their GP in workplace hours or 111 out of hours. In Northern Ireland, they need to name their GP.
Multiple instances of a illness occurring quickly, in a cluster or completely different places.
An epidemic of significant illness spreading quickly in lots of nations concurrently.
This is when the UK will begin to raise a few of its lockdown guidelines whereas nonetheless attempting to scale back the unfold of coronavirus.
PPE, or private protecting tools, is clothes and equipment comparable to masks, aprons, gloves and goggles utilized by medical employees, care employees and others to guard themselves in opposition to an infection from coronavirus sufferers and different individuals who is perhaps carrying the illness.
The isolation of individuals uncovered to a contagious illness to forestall its unfold.
R0, pronounced “R-naught”, is the typical quantity of people that will catch the illness from a single contaminated individual. If the R0 of coronavirus in a specific inhabitants is 2, then on common every case will create two extra new instances. The worth due to this fact offers a sign of how a lot the an infection may unfold.
This occurs when there’s a vital drop in earnings, jobs and gross sales in a rustic for 2 consecutive three-month intervals.
Severe acute respiratory syndrome, a kind of coronavirus that emerged in Asia in 2003.
Staying inside and avoiding all contact with different individuals, with the intention of stopping the unfold of a illness.
Keeping away from different individuals, with the intention of slowing down transmission of a illness. The authorities advises not seeing pals or kin aside from these you reside with, working from house the place doable and avoiding public transport.
State of emergency
Measures taken by a authorities to limit each day life whereas it offers with a disaster. This can contain closing colleges and workplaces, proscribing the motion of individuals and even deploying the armed forces to assist the common emergency providers.
These can be utilized by authorities ministers to implement new legal guidelines or laws, or change present legal guidelines. They are a neater various to passing a full Act of Parliament.
Any signal of illness, triggered by the physique’s immune system because it makes an attempt to struggle off the an infection. The fundamental signs of the coronavirus are a fever, dry cough and shortness of breath.
A therapy that causes the physique to supply antibodies, which struggle off a illness, and offers immunity in opposition to additional an infection.
A machine that takes over respiration for the physique when illness has triggered the lungs to fail.
A tiny agent that copies itself contained in the residing cells of any organism. Viruses may cause these cells to die and interrupt the physique’s regular chemical processes, inflicting illness.