When Johnson & Johnson’s coronavirus vaccine gained emergency use authorization on Saturday from the Food and Drug Administration, the transfer augmented the nation’s vaccination effort with a 3rd main software — one which differs markedly from the primary two licensed vaccines, made by Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna.
Most notably, it’s administered in a single dose as a substitute of two, and could be stored unfrozen in an unusual fridge for as much as three months — options that promise better flexibility as public well being officers attempt to immunize Americans as rapidly as attainable.
Much remains to be to be decided about how this new software shall be used. Here is what we all know thus far.
When will individuals begin getting the brand new vaccine?
Within the subsequent few days. Johnson & Johnson began delivery out doses on Monday, and so they can be utilized as quickly as they attain vaccination websites beginning on Tuesday.
Will including the brand new provide velocity up vaccination efforts?
At first, the rise in availability shall be restricted. The firm had about 3.9 million doses readily available to ship instantly, however after that, deliveries may very well be patchy for just a few weeks. (For comparability, the nation is utilizing up that many doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines in just a little greater than two days.)
By the tip of March, Johnson & Johnson says it can ship roughly 16 million extra doses. Even so, the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines will proceed to make up the vast majority of the nation’s provide.
How is the brand new vaccine being allotted?
The identical method the 2 earlier vaccines are: in proportion to every state or territory’s inhabitants.
Who will get the brand new vaccine?
That’s nonetheless underneath dialogue. The Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention has mentioned that the vaccine could be given to individuals 18 and over, and state officers are figuring out what their insurance policies shall be.
Because the brand new vaccine is given in a single shot and doesn’t require chilly storage, some consultants and officers have recommended directing it towards hard-to-reach segments of the inhabitants (like rural residents or the homeless), or to individuals who won’t hold an appointment for a second shot (like faculty college students or these with mobility points).
But there may be concern about showing to favor or disfavor some teams, and the Biden administration has mentioned it will insist that the brand new vaccine be distributed equitably.
Will I have the ability to select which vaccine I obtain?
That’s not clear. Right now, persons are getting whichever vaccine the positioning has readily available when their flip comes, and appointment scheduling techniques typically don’t inform customers beforehand which it is going to be. Depending on how states resolve to deploy the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, although, it could be attainable to successfully select what you get by selecting the place you signal as much as get it.
Which vaccine ought to I choose?
Health consultants say the very best shot is the one you will get the soonest, whichever one it seems to be. All three licensed vaccines are extremely protecting, and the variations amongst them pale as compared, they are saying, with the danger you’ll run by being choosy and passing up an opportunity to get a shot as a result of it was not your best choice.