A Swedish filmmaker’s investigative documentary raised additional questions, as did a Vanity Fair article detailing how the beguiling surgeon turned romantically concerned with an NBC producer engaged on a function about him and apparently conned her into believing he was divorced and would marry her in a ceremony officiated by the pope and attended by the Clintons, Obamas, John Legend and Elton John.
The Karolinska Institute, alleging scientific misconduct, dismissed Dr. Macchiarini, who has lengthy denied wrongdoing. Journals retracted a number of of his research. In 2019, an Italian court docket mentioned he had solid paperwork and abused his place, expenses unrelated to his trachea work. In September, a Swedish prosecutor indicted him on aggravated assault expenses associated to a few trachea transplants. The case is pending.
Dr. Genden mentioned Dr. Macchiarini’s rise and fall profoundly affected his personal path.
“Here’s this good-looking Italian surgeon on the most interesting establishment on this planet, the Karolinska, and he’s all the pieces I’m not: He’s obtained a stupendous head of hair, he drives a motorbike, he’s obtained an accent, he’s extremely charismatic and dynamic,” Dr. Genden mentioned. “He says, ‘I’ve created this bioreactor and it’s stem cells and it makes tracheas.’ And it’s enormous.”
Dr. Genden mentioned that when he and colleagues questioned Dr. Macchiarini at a convention early on, “in his bigger-than-life manner he says, ‘This is ridiculous, you don’t know what you’re speaking about, it capabilities fantastically.’”
Dr. Genden thought his work had “turn out to be out of date, so that you mainly shut down the lab,” he mentioned. “You can’t justify doing experimental surgical procedure and immunosuppression whenever you see one thing else that appears excellent, so that you understand, wow, we’re out of enterprise.”
As Dr. Macchiarini’s work drew criticism, Dr. Genden revived his concept, however was unsure about attempting it. The scandal meant “there’s an incredible quantity of scrutiny,” he mentioned. “We’re going to point out up and say, ‘As a scholar, I had this concept on the again of a serviette and now we’re able to go’ — and if it fails, the affected person dies and it turns into one more instance of some surgeon who thought he might resolve an issue and he’s created, as a substitute, simply the alternative.”
There was one more reason to be daunted too: historic assumptions that tracheas weren’t transplantable.