What you need to find out about abdomen flu in winter amid pandemic


COVID-19 presents itself with varied signs like fever, dry cough, and headache. But these signs are additionally frequent in individuals who have abdomen flu, or any gastrointestinal points (GI) like nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. So, how does one decide the distinction? Indianexpress.com reached out to medical consultants to know extra about abdomen flu, which is also referred to as gastroenteritis and the precautions and remedy for a similar.

What is gastroenteritis?

Viral gastroenteritis might be termed as an intestinal an infection accompanied by watery diarrhea, stomach cramps, nausea, fever, and vomiting. “This an infection generally is a matter of concern throughout winters. You may also be shocked to know that it may be life-threatening for infants, older adults, and other people with a compromised immune system. Hence, it’s important to maintain abdomen flu at bay by adhering to important suggestions like hand washing and avoiding cross-contamination of meals,” mentioned Dr Suresh Birajdar, marketing consultant paediatrician and neonatologist, Motherhood Hospital, Kharghar, Mumbai.

What are the causes?

Stomach flu is attributable to norovirus, which is also referred to as the winter vomiting bug. “It might be prompted as a consequence of coming involved with an contaminated particular person or by consuming contaminated meals and water. One could expertise chills, fever, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, aches, and even pains,” he mentioned.

“It could unfold to individuals in confined areas; which implies that transmission from one-person-to-other can also be potential. Another trigger might be rotavirus. Adults who’re contaminated with rotavirus is not going to showcase signs however nonetheless could go it on to others,” added Dr Birajdar.

How is abdomen flu totally different from COVID-19?

Here’s what to find out about abdomen flu. (Source: Getty Images/Thinkstock)

Almost 20 per cent of COVID-infected sufferers are reporting GI signs like diarrhoea with no obvious lung points, mentioned Dr Monika Jain, chief of gastroenterology and hepatology, Sri Balaji Action Medical Institute. Agreed Dr Sukrit Singh Sethi, marketing consultant, gastroenterology and hepatology, Narayana Hospital Gurugram, who shared {that a} latest research revealed within the American Journal of Gastroenterology famous how diarrhoea generally happens in individuals with COVID-19, with 19.4 per cent of the themes experiencing diarrhoea as their first symptom. Additionally, researchers at Stanford University discovered that as much as 30 per cent of sufferers with gentle COVID-19 had signs affecting the digestive system.

“If the affected person comes with COVID signs within the type of cough, sore throat and many others., adopted by GI signs, then COVID is prone to be current and it’s straightforward to detect. But the problem lies in detecting COVID in instances the place GI signs are obvious however respiratory signs are missing,” mentioned Dr Jain, including that signs like nausea, vomiting, ache stomach, lack of urge for food are additionally generally reported in COVID sufferers. It is, subsequently, crucial to be examined and handled for a similar.

Following are the circumstances when a affected person must be admitted to the hospital directly:

*Persistent extreme diarrhoea
*Abdominal ache
*Decreased urine output or altered sensorium

Treatment

Many Indian households depend on dwelling treatments, which can be detrimental, mentioned Dr Sethi. Although abdomen flu is curable if handled early, in some instances repeated episodes of vomiting prohibit consuming and likewise taking oral medicines. “If diarrhea stays for an extended time and the affected person is unable to take ample fluid, then this situation can have an effect on the kidney as effectively. The remedy can also contain medicines and therapies, talked about Dr Birajdar.

Prevention

*Amid pandemic and COVID associated restrictions, following required precautions, and sustaining hygiene is the important thing.
*Keep washing your palms; don’t contact edibles with unwashed palms.
*Ensure hydration. Drink ample filtered or RO water
*If repeated consumption of medicines doesn’t treatment the signs, then one ought to search skilled assist.
*Avoid consuming out, or unhygienic and unhealthy meals.
*Do not share any private gadgets with others. You must use separate towels, napkins, plates, utensils, and bedding.
*Make positive you clear and disinfect door, knobs, and different surfaces on a weekly foundation.
*Opt for ginger or peppermint tea that may show you how to take care of signs of nausea and vomiting. Eating bananas and even rice generally is a good possibility. Give up on spicy, oily, and dairy merchandise.
*Motivate kids to remain hydrated by ingesting plenty of water, and relaxation as a lot as they will. Likewise, older individuals could have excessive possibilities of dehydration so sort out it by fueling the physique with water.

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